Lesson Overview

 30 Minutes

 1, 4, 5, 9

 3rd - 8th Grade

 State Standards:
State Science Standards: Scientific Inquiry: 3.2-3.5 through 8.2-8.5

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Materials List

  • Each pair of students will need grass wheat and bean seeds
  • a snack-sized zip lock bag
  • 3 cotton balls
  • water
  • observation worksheet
  • Order seeds and download worksheets from AITC

Monocots and Dicots

Categories: Plants

In this lesson students set up a side-by-side germination experiment of monocot and dicot seeds. They will observe differences and similarities of these two types of flowering plants at the germination level, specifically the number of cotyledons. Students can record their findings daily. This is a great way to begin a flowering plant unit


  • Begin the lesson by providing students with a brief discussion on the two types of flowering plants – monocots and dicots – and how at their most basic, the difference is the number of cotloydens they have.
  • Use the student fact and observation sheet attached to help explain a cotyledon.
  • Break students into pairs and provide each group with a bag, seeds and three cotton balls.
  • Students moisten the cotton balls with water until they are wet, but not dripping

For full instructions, please download our PDF

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